Montana State University

Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences

Montana State University
P.O. Box 173120
Bozeman, MT 59717-3120

Tel: (406) 994-7060
Fax: (406) 994-3933
Location: 334 Leon Johnson Hall

Academic Programs:

Tel: (406) 994-3090

Department Head:

Dr. Tracy M. Sterling

Bruce D. Maxwell

Professor; Ph.D. 1990, Oregon State University; M.S. 1984, B.S. 1977, Montana State University. Plant invasion biology, agroecology and weed biology research with a focus on applying ecological principles to land management decisions. Research includes identifying factors that drive plant invasions, crop-weed interactions, economic thresholds of weeds, weed and invasive species population dynamics, herbicide resistance dynamics, and links between climate, disturbance and plant traits that can impact the long-term dynamics of plant communities.

Recent Publications:

  • Egan, F.L., B.D. Maxwell, D.A. Mortensen, M.R. Ryan and R.G. Smith. 2011. 2,4-D resistant crops and the potential for evolution of 2,4-D resistant weeds. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 108:E37.
  • Davis, P.B., F.D. Menalled, R.K. Peterson and B.D. Maxwell. 2011. Refinement of weed risk assessment for biofuels using Camalina sativa as a model species. J. Applied Ecol. 48:989-997
  • Rinella, M.J., B.D. Maxwell, P.K. Fay, T. Weaver, and R.Sheley. 2009. Control effort exacerbates invasive species problem. Ecol. Applications. 19:155-162.
  • Maxwell, B.D., E.A. Lehnhoff and L.J. Rew. 2009. The rationale for monitoring invasive plant populations as a crucial step for management. Invasive Plant Science & Management 2: 1-9.
  • Maxwell, B.D. and J. T. O’Donovan. 2007. Understanding weed-crop interactions to manage weed problems. Pp. 17-33 In M.K. Upadhyaya and R.E. Blackshaw (Eds) Non-chemical Weed Management. CAB International. Cambridge, MA.
  • Parks CG, Radosevish SR, Endress BA, Naylor BJ, Anzinger D, Rew LJ, Maxwell BD & Dwire KA. 2005. Natural and land use history of the Northwest Mountainous Ecoregions (U.S.A.) in relation to patterns of plant invasions. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 7:137-158.
  • Rew, L.J., Maxwell, B.D., Dougher, F.D., Aspinall, R. 2006. Searching for a needle in a haystack: evaluating survey methods for sessile species. Biological Invasions 8:523-539
  • Maxwell, B.D. and E. Luschei. 2004. The ecology of crop-weed interactions: Toward a more complete model of weed communities in agroecosystems. Journal of Crop Improvement 11:137-154.

Recent Grants:

  • Whitlock, C., D. Aig, B. Maxwell, D. McWethy. WildFIRE PIRE: Feedbacks and consequences of altered fire regimes in the face of climate and land-use change in Tasmania, New Zealand, and the western U.S. NSF-PIRE. 2010. 5 yr. $4,176,030
  • Rew, L. and B. Maxwell. Prioritizing invasive non-native plant populations and species to manage using spatial distribution and spread models. US Fish and Wildlife Service. 2010. 5 yr. $25,000.
  • Maxwell, B. and C. Zabinski. Nutritional value of locally grown vegetables: determining management effects and marketing potential. Montana Department of Agriculture. 2010 1 yr. $33,409.
  • Maxwell, B., P. Miller, C. Zabinski and D. Buschena. Understanding carbon dynamics: Agronomic, socioeconomic, and biophysical tradeoffs in the sustainability of multifunctional cropping systems in the Northern Great Plains. USDA–AFRI LTAP Proof of Concept. 2009. 2 yr. $199,980.
  • Rew, L.J., J. Antle, B. Maxwell and J. DiTomaso. A decision support prioritization framework for non-indigenous plant population management. USDA-NRI. 2009. 3 yr. $490,987.
  • Maxwell, B. L.J. Rew and V. Backus. Invasive plant inventory, mapping and management tools for army training lands. USDOD-CERL, Installation Division. 2009. 3 yr. $793,039.
  • Rew, L.J., B. Maxwell, M. Lavin. Survey, monitoring and predicting the occurrence and spread of native and non-native plants species at Idaho National Laboratories. USDOE Stoller Corporation. 2009. 2 yr. $244,064.
  • Harmon, A., W. Dyer, B. Maxwell, C. Perillo, J. Johnson-Maynard. Development, Integration and Assessment of Food and Agricultural Systems Education. USDA-Higher ducation Challenge Grant. 2008. 3 yr. $475,888.

Current Instructional Responsibilities:

  • LRES 443 – Weed Ecology & Management (Fall)
  • LRES 543 – Agroecology/Applied Plant Ecology (Spring, even years)
  • LRES 569 – Ecology of Invasive Plant Species in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem (Summer)
  • LRES 528 – Bridging Principles and Practice of Sustainable Cropping Systems (Fall, odd years)

Other Links: